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This species is now listed as endangered by the IUCN due to deforestation in its native Chile and Argentina. It is an ancient species and, due to its geographical distribution, hardy. Although it has adapted to live the harsh environment of the western Andes, it is not immune to the continuous logging for grazing and timber. Approximately 40% of the original forest has been lost since large scale deforestation began.
It has a distinctive appearance and mature trees are easily recognisable. Look out for the Monkey Puzzle plot within the Pinetum.